Monitoring and results
The Inspection for Environmental protection is monitoring air quality in Poland. Its tasks are performed by the Chief Inspector for Environmental Protection assisted by the General Inspectorate for Environmental Protection and voivodes supported by voivodship inspectors for environmental protection, as heads of voivodship inspections for environmental protection. In 2013 air quality was monitored in 809 automatic stations, 983 manual stations and in 1137 stations in which passive methods are used. Stations are installed in traffic areas, urban background areas and rural areas depending on a voivodship. Usually in those voivodships where exceedances are the highest, there are more measuring stations. The full map of the stations is available online. Data are published by annual reports on air quality for European Commission.
In every zone in Poland there was at least one limit value exceeded last year. Benzo(a)pyren concentration was too high in 91 per cent of the zones („Ocena jakości powietrza za rok 2013. Zbiorczy raport krajowy z rocznej oceny jakości powietrza w strefach wykonywanej przez WIOŚ według zasad określonych w art. 89 ustawy-Prawo ochrony środowiska” - powietrze.gios.gov.pl/gios/site/air/quality/type/R) - the highest index was noted in Łódzka zone – 14 times more than the limit, and in Małopolska zone – 16 times more. PM10 (Tamże, s .115.) was exceeded in 78 per cent of the zones and PM2,5 (Tamże, s. 116.) in over a half of the zones. Moreover there are two zones with an exceedance of arsenic in Lubuskie and Dolnośląskie voivodships. NO2 was noted over the limit in four major cities of Poland: Wroclaw, Krakow, Warsaw and in the agglomeration of Górny Śląsk. Almost whole Opolskie and Dolnośląskie voivodships were classified as C zone due to ozone limits exceedance (Tamże).